MLHU - Health Status Resource

Zoonotic infections

Zoonotic infections

Key Findings: 

View more information about anthrax, brucellosis, Echinococcus multilocularis, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, plague, psittacosis/ornithosis, Q fever, rabies, trichinosis, and tularemia.

Between 2005 and 2018 there were no human cases of anthrax, Echinococcus multilocularis, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, plague, psittacosis/ornithosis, rabies, trichinosis, or tularemia infections reported among Middlesex-London residents. The number of brucellosis and Q fever infections reported was low, at fewer than 10 cases for each disease across the 14-year period (Figure 9.6.1).

Between 2010 and 2012 an Ontario-wide Q fever study was undertaken. Increased awareness of the infection may have contributed to increased testing and reporting of cases in 2011, both in Middlesex-London and Ontario.1

Overall, between 2005 and 2018, zoonotic infections were rare among Middlesex-London residents. 

How this Indicator was Calculated: 
Ontario Public Health Standard: 

Ontario Public Health Standards: Requirements for Programs, Services, and Accountability – Infectious and Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control (pages 42-47)

Infectious Disease Protocol, 2018

Population Health Assessment and Surveillance Protocol, 2018


1. Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion (Public Health Ontario). Factors affecting reportable diseases in Ontario: case definition changes and associated trends 1991-2016 [Internet]. Toronto (ON): Queen’s Printer for Ontario; 2018 Oct [cited 2019 May 29]. 110 p. Available from:

Last modified on: July 26, 2019

Jargon Explained

Zoonotic infections
Zoonotic infections are diseases that can be spread between animals and humans. These infections may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens.