Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/w3613e/w3613e00.htm The CCHS survey questions asked whether household members were able to afford the food they needed in the previous 12 months. Households were classified as food insecure if there was an indication of compromise in quality and/or quantity of food consumed or reduced food intake and disrupted eating patterns due to lack of money.
The number of live births during a given period over the female population aged 15-49.
Any food that is capable of supporting the growth of pathogenic organisms or production of the toxins from such organisms
Health indicators are used to measure health status of a given population over a defined period of time. For this resource, appropriate indicators were chosen from the Core Indicators for Public Health in Ontario – a framework developed by the Association of Public Health Epidemiologists of Ontario (APHEO). This framework was developed, and it continues to be updated, in order to standardize and improve the accuracy of community health status reporting across Ontario public health units. This resource provides definitions, methods and resources for calculating over 120 health indicators. Local level, reliable data was unavailable for some indicators therefore, not all were addressed in this resource.
The number of live births with a birth weight of 4,500 grams or more, per 100 live births.
The language spoken most often at home
Spending more than 30% of the household income on housing costs like rent or mortgage payments, property taxes and utilities can leave people without enough money for other important necessities like food, clothing and transportation.
Socioeconomic status (SES) was based on a deprivation index composed of the following factors: percent without high school diploma, percent employed, average income, percent of single-parent families, percent of persons living alone, and percent of persons separated, divorced or widowed.
A landed immigrant is defined as a person who is not a Canadian citizen by birth, but has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently. Landed immigrants must reside in Canada for a minimum of three years before they can apply for Canadian citizenship. Refugees, students, and those with work permits or Minister’s permits are not landed immigrants.
Under the Immunization of School Pupils Act (ISPA), Ontario health units are required to collect immunization information on all students attending school within the health unit jurisdiction. If a student’s immunizations are not up to date against diphtheria, measles, mumps, polio, rubella, or tetanus, the ISPA allows for the student to be suspended from school. Those who have philosophical or medical reasons to be unimmunized can sign an exemption form.
IRIS is the information system used by all Ontario health units in Ontario to record immunizations and exemptions for all students attending school within the health unit jurisdiction, as well as children attending licensed day cares. The database is maintained by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care and individual health units.
This is a crude measure of the impact of long-term physical conditions, mental conditions and health problems on the principal domains of life: home, work, school, and other activities.
The rate at which new events occur in the population in the given time period
When the population is divided into five groups by level of household income these groups are called ‘income quintiles’. The proportion of the population in each quintile is equal.
The socioeconomic distress index, developed at Human Environments Analysis Laboratory at Western University, takes into account four factors: highest level of completed education, unemployment rate, lone parenthood rate, and low income rate. Greater composite scores correspond to higher levels of socioeconomic distress.
iPHIS is the information system used for reporting case information for all provincially and nationally reportable communicable diseases. This database is managed by the Ministry of Health and Long-term Care and used in Ontario public health units for communicable disease case and contact follow-up as well as outbreak management.
IntelliHEALTH is managed by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care and contains health information from numerous data sources. The following data sources were used in this resource:
- Vital Statistics (deaths) from the Office of the Ontario Registrar General;
- Inpatient Discharges (hospitalizations, live births, stillbirths) from Canadian Institute for Health Information’s (CIHI) Discharge Abstract Database (DAD)
- Population Estimates from Statistics Canada, approved by the Ontario Ministry of Finance.
An infection is considered invasive when it is found in a normally sterile part of the body, such as blood or cerebrospinal fluid.
Some knowledge of English, French, or both
The number of live births with a birth weight above the ninetieth percentile of birth weights for their gestational age and sex, per 100 live births