iPHIS is the information system used for reporting case information for all provincially and nationally reportable communicable diseases. This database is managed by the Ministry of Health and Long-term Care and used in Ontario public health units for communicable disease case and contact follow-up as well as outbreak management.
IntelliHEALTH is managed by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care and contains health information from numerous data sources. The following data sources were used in this resource:
- Vital Statistics (deaths) from the Office of the Ontario Registrar General;
- Inpatient Discharges (hospitalizations, live births, stillbirths) from Canadian Institute for Health Information’s (CIHI) Discharge Abstract Database (DAD)
- Population Estimates from Statistics Canada, approved by the Ontario Ministry of Finance.
An infection is considered invasive when it is found in a normally sterile part of the body, such as blood or cerebrospinal fluid.
Some knowledge of English, French, or both
The number of live births with a birth weight above the ninetieth percentile of birth weights for their gestational age and sex, per 100 live births
This variable is a measure of the average daily energy expended during leisure time activities by the respondent in the past three months.
Energy Expenditure (EE) is calculated using the frequency and duration per session of the physical activity as well as the MET value of the activity. The MET is a value of metabolic energy cost expressed as a multiple of the resting metabolic rate.
(CCHS Derived Variable document 2009/10)
The average length of time that an individual will live if subjected to the mortality experience for the specified population and time period.
Self-reported survey data is valuable because it assesses behaviours in the population, data not usually collected elsewhere, but it is not the most reliable source of health data. People are not always aware of or truthful about their health behaviours, their height and their weight when asked in a survey.
The number of live births with a birth weight of less than 2,500 grams, per 100 live births.
Low income cut‐offs (LICOs) are income thresholds, determined by analyzing trends in family spending. Values below the low income cut-off indicate that individuals or families may be devoting a larger share of income than the average family on the necessities of food, shelter and clothing. The LICO is reported based on after-tax income.
Canada's Low Risk Drinking Guidelines indicate no more than 2 standard drinks on any one day for women and no more than 3 standard drinks on any one day for men with a maximum of 10 and 15 standard drinks a week for women and men, respectively. A couple of days with no alcohol drinking should be taken each week. (http://www.ccsa.ca/Eng/topics/alcohol/drinking-guidelines/Pages/default.aspx)
Middlesex-London, as referred to in this resource, includes the City of London and the County of Middlesex and is the region served by the Middlesex-London Health Unit.
First language learned in childhood and still understood at the time of the Census.
Method of smoothing irregularities in trend data, such as long term trends in incidence or mortality. Moving averages make it easier to understand long-term trends in rates that otherwise might be masked by short-term fluctuations (Last, 4 ed).
The number of multiple live births per 100 live births.
This classifies respondents according to their need for help (because of health reasons) with instrumental activities of daily living such as preparing meals, shopping for groceries or other necessities, doing everyday housework, doing heavy household chores (washing walls, yard work), and personal care (washing, dressing or eating), moving about inside the house or paying bills.
Birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord. The two most common neural tube defects are spina bifida (when the spine does not close) and anencephaly (when part of the brain and skull are missing).1
1. Public Health Agency of Canada. Folic Acid and Neural Tube Defects [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2018 Nov 12]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/pregnancy/folic-acid.html
Ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is derived from oxidized nitrogen oxide (NO) and is generally a marker of combustion related air pollution, including power and chemical plants and traffic emissions. Adverse health effects may come from NO2 itself or its many secondary reaction products including ozone (O3).
Non-permanent residents are people from another country who have a work or study permit or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them. They are not considered immigrants.
The nutritious food basket provides information about the approximate cost of eating healthy. The weekly cost of food is based on a survey of 67 food items from 12 local chains and independent grocery stores. The food items included in the survey are determined by the food buying patterns of the average Canadian and data provided by Statistics Canada.