The rate at which new events occur in the population in the given time period
This is a measure that divides the entire population into five equal groups, also known as quintiles. Approximately 20% of the population is in each group. The lowest income quintile is the group with the lowest total household income, after taxes.
is one way to look at income inequality. It is the share of income held by the half of all households whose incomes fall below the median household income. A percent of 0% would represent complete inequality and a percent of 50% would represent equality.
The socioeconomic distress index, developed at Human Environments Analysis Laboratory at Western University, takes into account four factors: highest level of completed education, unemployment rate, lone parenthood rate, and low income rate. Greater composite scores correspond to higher levels of socioeconomic distress.
A collective name for the original peoples of North America (i.e., First Nations, Métis and Inuit) and their descendants. The indicator “Aboriginal peoples” is used on the 2016 Census to determine Indigenous identity that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nations. The Canadian Constitution recognizes three groups of Aboriginal people — Indians, Métis and Inuit. These are three separate peoples with unique heritages, languages, cultural practices and spiritual beliefs.
1. Ontario Federation of Labour Aboriginal Circle and Ontario Federation of Labour Aboriginal Persons Caucus. Traditional Territory Acknowledgements in Ontario [Internet]. Toronto ON: Ontario Federation of Labour 2017 [cited 2018 Nov 22]. Available from: www.ofl.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017.05.31-Traditional-Territory-Acknowledgement-in-Ont.pdf
iPHIS is the information system used for reporting case information for all provincially and nationally reportable communicable diseases. This database is managed by the Ministry of Health and Long-term Care and used in Ontario public health units for communicable disease case and contact follow-up as well as outbreak management.
IntelliHEALTH is managed by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care and contains health information from numerous data sources. The following data sources were used in this resource:
- Vital Statistics (deaths) from the Office of the Ontario Registrar General;
- Inpatient Discharges (hospitalizations, live births, stillbirths) from Canadian Institute for Health Information’s (CIHI) Discharge Abstract Database (DAD)
- Population Estimates from Statistics Canada, approved by the Ontario Ministry of Finance.
An infection is considered invasive when it is found in a normally sterile part of the body, such as blood or cerebrospinal fluid.
Some knowledge of English, French, or both
People over the age of 15 years who are currently employed and those who are unemployed but were available to start work in the week prior to the Census and looked for work in the past 4 weeks. It excludes anyone who may have been without a job and was not actively looking for work.
Land transport collisions include injuries sustained during a motor vehicle collision, whether as a driver or passenger in the vehicle, a pedestrian, a cyclist, or a motorcyclist. They also include injuries sustained on all-terrain vehicles, snowmobiles and other types of vehicles travelling on land.
The number of live births with a birth weight above the ninetieth percentile of birth weights for their gestational age and sex, per 100 live births
This variable is a measure of the average daily energy expended during leisure time activities by the respondent in the past three months.
Energy Expenditure (EE) is calculated using the frequency and duration per session of the physical activity as well as the MET value of the activity. The MET is a value of metabolic energy cost expressed as a multiple of the resting metabolic rate.
(CCHS Derived Variable document 2009/10)
The average length of time that an individual will live if subjected to the mortality experience for the specified population and time period.
Self-reported survey data is valuable because it assesses behaviours in the population, data not usually collected elsewhere, but it is not the most reliable source of health data. People are not always aware of or truthful about their health behaviours, their height and their weight when asked in a survey.
A geographic area used to describe a regional economic activity zone of influence which includes not only London but also the surrounding areas such as Middlesex, St. Thomas, Woodstock, Tillsonburg and much of Elgin County.
The number of live births with a birth weight of less than 2,500 grams, per 100 live births.
Low income cut‐offs (LICOs) are income thresholds, determined by analyzing trends in family spending. Values below the low income cut-off indicate that individuals or families may be devoting a larger share of income than the average family on the necessities of food, shelter and clothing. The LICO is reported based on after-tax income.
Canada's Low Risk Drinking Guidelines indicate no more than 2 standard drinks on any one day for women and no more than 3 standard drinks on any one day for men with a maximum of 10 and 15 standard drinks a week for women and men, respectively. A couple of days with no alcohol drinking should be taken each week. (http://www.ccsa.ca/Eng/topics/alcohol/drinking-guidelines/Pages/default.aspx)
is a measure of low-income and has been identified as Canada’s official poverty line. It defines the cost of purchasing a specified basket of goods and services to enjoy a modest, basic standard of living.1
1. Statistics Canada, Dictionary, Census of population 2016 – Market Basket Measure (MBM) [updated 2017 Sep 13; cited 2019 Feb 20]. Available from: https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/ref/dict/pop165-eng.cfm