MHLU - Health Status Resource

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Vector-borne infection

Vector-borne infections are diseases that are spread from an infected person or animal to another person through intermediaries, such as ticks or mosquitoes, that carry the pathogen causing illness.

Visible Minorities

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act,1995, and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as "persons, other than Aboriginal peoples who are… non-white in colour."

What is the London Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)?

The London CMA includes the municipalities of London, St. Thomas, as well as Thames Centre, Middlesex Centre, Strathroy-Caradoc, Adelaide Metcalfe, Central Elgin and Southwold. The London CMA was one of 15 included in the study. There are 33 CMAs in Canada. 

What is the SES gap?

The 'gap' in health indicators was measured by a ratio of the rate in the low Socioeconomic status (SES) group to the rate in the high SES group. A ratio of 1.0 indicates no difference between the two groups. A ratio higher than one indicates higher rate of the disease or behaviour in the low SES group.

Work stress

The harmful physical and emotional effects when conflict exists between the demands on the job and the employee’s control over meeting the demands.1

1. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety [Internet]. Ottawa (ON). Government of Canada. Workplace Stress – General. [modified 2019 May 28; cited 2019 May 28]; [About 8 screens]. Available from:

Youth Dependency Ratio

Number of children under the age of 20 divided by the number of people aged 20 to 64 multiplied by 100.