MHLU - Health Status Resource

Food-and Water-borne Enteric Infections

Food-and Water-borne Enteric Infections

Key Findings: 
  • Between 2000 and 2010, the total number of campylobacter and salmonella infections reported in Middlesex-London was more than two times the number of all other food- and water-borne enteric diseases combined (Fig. 8.1).
  • In general, the number of campylobacter, cryptosporidium and salmonella infections reported in Middlesex-London per year was fairly consistent between 2000 and 2010, while the number of reported ambiasis, giardia, shigella and verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) infections generally decreased (Fig. 8.1).
  • Between 2000 and 2010, the numbers of campylobacter, cryptosporidium, giardia, salmonella and VTEC infections reported in Middlesex-London varied by season and were highest in the summer months (Fig. 8.2).
  • Incidence rates of food- and water-borne enteric infections reported in Middlesex-London were highest among children. The incidence rates of reported campylobacter, giardia, salmonella, shigella and VTEC infections were highest among children under the age of 5 years, compared to older age groups (Fig. 8.5, Fig. 8.9, Fig. 8.11Fig. 8.13 and Fig. 8.15). As well, compared to older age groups, the incidence rate of cryptosporidium infections was highest among children under the age of 10 years (Fig. 8.7).
  • Between 2000 and 2010 the incidence rates of amebiasis, campylobacter, giardia, shigella, and VTEC infections reported in Middlesex-London generally declined (Fig. 8.4, Fig. 8.6, Fig. 8.10, Fig. 8.14 and Fig. 8.16). Incidence rates of cryptosporidium and salmonella infections reported in Middlesex-London were relatively stable (Fig. 8.8 and Fig. 8.12).
  • Between 2000 and 2010, the rates of amebiasis and giardia infections reported in Middlesex-London were lower than the rates in Ontario (Fig. 8.4 and Fig. 8.10). Local rates for the remaining food- and water-borne infections were similar to those across the province (Fig. 8.6, Fig. 8.8. Fig. 8.12, Fig. 8.14, and Fig. 8.16).
How this Indicator was Calculated: 
Ontario Public Health Standard: 

Population Health Assessment and Surveillance Protocol - Section 1, Subsections a-i, b-iii

Infectious Diseases Prevention and Control Standard - Requirement #3