MHLU - Health Status Resource

Child and Youth Hospitalization

Child and Youth Hospitalization

Key Findings: 

    Hospitalizations

  • Hospitalization rates of infants (<1 year of age) were about 5 times higher than the rates for children ages 1 to 19 in Middlesex-London. The differential was even higher (about 8 times) in Ontario and the Peer Group (Fig. 10.4).
  • In Middlesex-London, the hospitalization rate of children ages 10 to 19 is somewhat higher (by about 18%) than the rate for those ages 1 to 9 (Fig. 10.4). In both Ontario and the Peer Group, however, hospitalization rates for 10 to 19 year olds are somewhat lower than those for 1 to 9 year olds (by about 20%) (Fig. 10.4).
  • The hospitalization rates in Ontario and the Peer Group are both markedly higher (by 49% and 60%, respectively) for infants and somewhat higher for children ages 1 to 9 (by 37% and 57%, respectively) than in Middlesex-London (Fig. 10.4).
  • In Middlesex-London, males were 37% more likely to be hospitalized than their female counterparts at less than one year of age and 41% more likely to be hospitalized than females at ages 1 to 9 (Fig. 10.5). For ages 10 to 19, females were 43% more likely to be hospitalized than males in Middlesex-London (Fig 10.5).  The difference between males and female rates seen in Middlesex-London mirrored those in Ontario and the Peer Group (data not shown).
  • Infant Hospitalizations

  • An average of 451 Middlesex-London infants were hospitalized per year from 2005 to 2009 (Fig 10.6). The top three causes of hospitalization of Middlesex-London infants were for diseases of the respiratory system, constituting 25% of infant hospitalizations; followed closely by perinatal conditions (20%); and birth defects (13%). In Ontario and the Peer Group, the third leading cause was the same as for Middlesex-London, whereas the first and second were switched (Fig. 10.6). In Ontario, 36% of infant hospitalizations were for perinatal conditions and 22%, for diseases of the respiratory system (data not shown).
  • Hospitalizations Ages 1 - 9

  • An average of 780 children ages 1 to 9 in Middlesex-London were hospitalized per year from 2005 to 2009 (Fig 10.6). The top three causes of these hospitalizations were for diseases of the respiratory system, constituting 30% of hospitalizations; unintentional injuries (16%); and diseases of the digestive system (9%) (Fig. 10.6). In Ontario and the Peer Group, the leading cause of hospitalization was the same as for Middlesex-London, whereas the second and third leading causes were switched (Fig. 10.6). In Ontario, 12% of hospitalizations for 1-9 year-olds were for diseases of the digestive system and 11%, for unintentional injuries (data not shown).
  • Hospitalizations Ages 10 - 19

  • An average of 1189 children ages 10 to 19 in Middlesex-London were hospitalized per year from 2005 to 2009 (Fig. 10.6).
  • The top three causes of hospitalizations for females ages 10 to 19 were for pregnancy and childbirth, constituting 38% of hospitalizations; diseases of the digestive system (15%); and unintentional injuries (14%). These top three causes received the same ranking for hospitalizations of females ages 10 to 19 in Ontario and the Peer Group (Fig. 10.6).
  • The top three causes of hospitalizations for males ages 10 to 19 were for unintentional injuries, constituting 35% of hospitalizations; diseases of the digestive system (24%); and diseases of the respiratory system (8%). These top three causes received the same ranking for hospitalizations of females ages 10 to 19 in Ontario and the Peer Group (Fig. 10.6).