MHLU - Health Status Resource

Primary tabs

Glossary: P

A (6) | B (2) | C (6) | D (2) | E (2) | F (2) | G (1) | H (5) | I (10) | K (1) | L (7) | M (3) | N (3) | O (3) | P (10) | R (2) | S (13) | T (4) | U (1) | V (1) | W (3) | Y (1)

Particulate Matter

Small airborne solid particles are referred to as fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and may contain harmful aerosols, combustion particles and metal vapours. These particles, measuring less than 2.5 μg in diameter, can penetrate deep into the lungs and damage tissues through chronic inflammation.

Peer Group

Statistics Canada used socio-demographic data from the 2006 Census to create "peer groups" of health regions that have similar characteristics.  In total, 24 socio-demographic variables and prominent geographic characteristics were used to create 10 peer groups.  The Peer Group used in this resource includes the Ontario health regions in Statistics Canada Peer Group A without Middlesex-London.  The regions are: Brant County; Elgin-St. Thomas; Haldimand-Norfolk; Haliburton, Kawartha, Pine Ridge; City of Hamilton; Hastings and Prince Edward Counties; Kingston, Frontenac and Lennox and Addington; Lambton; Leeds, Grenville and Lanark District; Niagara Regional Area; Oxford County; Peterborough County-City; Eastern Ontario; Windsor-Essex County. http://www12.statcan.ca/health-sante/82-228/help-aide/Q03.cfm?Lang=E

Per 100,000 Population

A rate which is provided per 100,000 population means that the value of the rate represents the number of events which would occur for every 100,000 people in a specified population.  

Perceived Health

This concept indicates the respondent's health status based on his or her own judgement.  It comes from a survey question asked in the Canadian Community Health Survey of the whole non-institutionalized population aged 12 or older. 

Perinatal Conditions

Conditions which originate in the perinatal period, i.e. the period immediately before, during and after birth. This may include the following:

  • Fetus and newborn affected by maternal factors and by complications of pregnancy, labour and delivery
  • Disorders related to length of gestation and fetal growth
  • Birth trauma
  • Respiratory and cardiovascular disorders specific to the perinatal period
  • Infections specific to the perinatal period
  • Haemorrhagic and haematological disorders of fetus and newborn
  • Transitory endocrine and metabolic disorders specific to fetus and newborn
  • Digestive system disorders of fetus and newborn
  • Conditions involving the integument and temperature regulation of fetus and newborn

For more information

Population Centre

Population Centre has replaced the term urban area. It is an area with a population of at least 1,000 and a density of 400 or more people per square kilometre. All areas outside population centres continue to be defined as rural areas.

Small population centres have a population of between 1,000 and 29,999; medium population centres, 30,000 and 99,999; and large urban population centres, 100,000 and over.

Potential Years of Life Lost (PYLL)

The sum of the total years of life lost relative to age 75. PYLL is calculated by adding together, for all deaths, the number of years remaining until age 75, and then dividing by the population under the age of 75 years.

Pregnancy Rate

The number of in-hospital deliveries of live births and stillbirths, plus the number of therapeutic abortions, among females aged 15-49 years per 1,000 females aged 15-49.

Preterm Birth Rate

Number of live births delivered before 37 completed weeks of gestation per 100 live births.

Prevalence Rate

The total number of cases of an event in the population that exist for a certain period or point in time